National Medal of Science

The National Medal of Science is the nation’s highest scientific honor. The award, established by Congress in 1959 and bestowed by the President, initially recognized outstanding contributions in the physical, biological, mathematical or engineering sciences. In 1980, Congress expanded the award to include the social and behavioral sciences.

National Medal of Science Recipients

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    Alberto Calderón (1920–1998)

    Professor in Mathematics

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      Antoni Zygmund (1900–1992)

      Gustavus F. and Anne M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor in Mathematics

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        Eugene Parker

        S. Chandrasekhar Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Physics, Astronomy & Astrophysics and the Enrico Fermi Institute

        • Browder smiling in front of bookshelf

          Felix Browder

          Max Mason Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Mathematics (now at Rutgers University)

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            Gary S. Becker (1930–2014)

            University Professor in Economics and Sociology; Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences, 1992; Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2007

            • Stigler smiling

              George Stigler (1911–1991)

              Charles R. Walgreen Distinguished Service Professor in Economics; Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences, 1982

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                James Cronin

                Professor Emeritus in Physics, Astronomy & Astrophysics and the Enrico Fermi Institute; Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1980

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                  Janet Davison Rowley (1925–2013)

                  Blum-Riese Distinguished Service Professor in Medicine, Molecular Genetics & Cell Biology and Human Genetics

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                    Leo Kadanoff

                    John D. MacArthur Distinguished Service Professor in Physics, Mathematics, the James Franck Institute and the Enrico Fermi Institute

                    • Friedman posing

                      Milton Friedman (1912–2006)

                      Paul Snowden Distinguished Service Professor in Economics; Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences, 1982

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                        Robert Clayton

                        Enrico Fermi Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Chemistry and Geophysical Sciences and the College

                        • Mac Lane posing in a suit

                          Saunders Mac Lane (1909–2005)

                          Max Mason Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Mathematics

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                            Stuart Rice

                            Frank P. Hixon Distinguished Service Professor in Chemistry and the James Franck Institute

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                              Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–1995)

                              Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor in Physics and Astronomy & Astrophysics; Nobel Laureate in Physics, 1983

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                                Yoichiro Nambu

                                Harry Pratt Judson Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Physics and the Enrico Fermi Institute